Modern barter has become an effective way to increase revenue, save cash, relocate inventory and use excess production capacity for companies around the world. Exchange companies earn commercial credits (instead of cash) that are deposited into their account. They then have the opportunity to buy goods and services from other members who use their business credits – they are not obliged to buy from the people they sold to, and vice versa. Exchanges play an important role in providing each member with registration, know-how and monthly returns. Commercial exchanges earn money by charging a commission for each transaction either on the purchase side, all on the side of the sale, or a combination of the two. Transaction fees typically range from 8% to 15%. [Citation required] In trade, barter (derived from baretor) is an exchange system in which transaction participants directly exchange goods or services for other goods or services without using a means of exchange such as money.  Economists distinguish barter from gift savings in many ways; Barter, for example, has immediate reciprocal exchanges that are not delayed in time. Trade is generally bilateral, but can be multilateral (i.e. negotiated through trade). In most developed countries, trade is generally very limited in parallel with monetary systems. Market participants use barter to replace money as a method of exchange in times of currency crisis, z.B.
when the currency becomes unstable (for example. B, hyperinflation or deflationary spiral) or simply is not available for trade conduct. In the 15th century, the trade of corporatists concentrated, in the sense of inexperience, on larger transactions, different from a traditional and trade-oriented exchange. Corporate exchanges generally use media and advertising as levers for their larger transactions. These include the use of a currency unit called “commercial credit.” Commercial credit must not only be known and guaranteed, but also be valued at an amount for which the media and advertising could have been purchased if the “customer” had purchased it himself (a contract to eliminate ambiguities and risks). [Citation required] Anthropologists have argued that “when something similar to barter occurs in stateless societies, it almost always happens between strangers.”  Barter occurred between strangers, not between villagers, and therefore cannot be used to explain in a naturalistic way the origin of money without the state. Since most of the people working in the trade knew each other, trade was encouraged by the expansion of credit.   Marcel Mauss, author of “The Gift,” argued that the first economic contracts should not be in the economic interest and that before money, trade is encouraged and not exchanged through reciprocity and redistribution processes.
 Everyday exchange relationships in these societies are characterized by generalized reciprocity or non-calculating family “communism,” where everyone takes and gives according to their needs.  In England, about 30 to 40 cooperatives sent their surplus goods to an “exchange bazaar” for direct trade.